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Helicobacter Pylori & Ulcers

H. pylori for short, is a spiral-shaped bacterium which lives in the mucosal lining of the stomach. Research shows that the bacteria (along with acid secretion) damage stomach and duodenal tissue, causing inflammation and ulcers. Once the bacteria have been eradicated with antibiotics and other medicines, peptic ulcer disease can be cured.

Although it's not certain how H. pylori is acquired, the chances of getting it become greater as you get older. At least 20% of the U. S. population is infected with N. pylori.

What causes ulcers?
Imbalance between digestive fluids (hydrochloric acid and pepsin which are made by the stomach) and the stomach's ability to defend itself against these powerful substances resulted in ulcers. More recently, medications such as aspirin and certain forms these medications have been shown to contribute to the formation of ulcers. Today, research shows that ulcers can develop as a result of infection with the bacteria, H. pylori.

What are the symptoms of ulcers?
The most common ulcer symptom is gnawing or burning in the abdomen. The pain often occurs between meals and in the early hours of the morning. It may last from a few minutes to a few hours and may be temporarily relieved by eating or by taking antacids. Other ulcer symptoms may include gas, nausea or bleeding.

How are ulcers diagnosed?
The National Institutes of Health has emphasized the importance of adequately diagnosing ulcer disease and H. pylori before starting treatment, because treatment could be quite different depending on whether the ulcer is related to H. pylori or due to other factors. (Over 92% of duodenal ulcers and 70% of stomach ulcers are H. pylori related.) Currently, doctors have a number of options available for diagnosing ulcers, such as performing endoscopies, x-ray examinations and testing for active H. pylori infection with simple non-invasive means including blood tests and simple breath tests.

How are ulcers treated?
Recently, acid-suppressing drugs were the treatment of choice. You may recognize the names of some of them - Tagamet, Zantac, Axid, Pepcid, Prilosec, Prevacid, Aciphex, Protonix, and Nexium. These drugs reduce the amount of acid the stomach produces. Unfortunately, these medications only reduce the acids and do not treat H. pylori infection. The discovery of the link between ulcers and H. pylori has resulted in a new treatment option. Now, in addition to treatment aimed at decreasing the production of stomach acid, doctors may prescribe antibiotics for patients with H. pylori. This is a dramatic medical advance because eliminating H. pylori means the ulcer may now heal and most likely will not come back. Cure rates up to 90% have been reported by doctors after effective treatment of H. pylori.

What are the complications of ulcers?
If left untreated, ulcers can result in a bleed or perforation or narrowing of the esophagus or outlet of the stomach. Recent studies have shown that H. Pylori may be associated with the development of gastric lymphoma and even possibly with gastric cancer. Therefore identification of organism in the stomach of certain individuals may be very important.

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Disclaimer: Nothing found at this website should be construed as medical advice or treatment recommendations. For any symptoms you may have, you should see your family physician, gastroenterologist or colorectal surgeon.zz